WRAIR's Behavioral Biology investigators develop knowledge products and materiel solutions to enhance Soldier alertness, decision-making, and performance in the context of degraded sleep quantity and quality across the spectrum of Army operations.
It was believed that Soldiers operating in high-tempo, operational environments could operate effectively on four hours of sleep. Yet scientists have long understood the relationship between sleep loss and impaired performance—marking data that 51% of active duty U.S. Army, Air Force and Navy personnel have obstructive sleep apnea and another 24% suffer from insomnia as significant threats to readiness and lethality. Yet, a full night's sleep is often not an option for Soldiers—especially those operating in combat environments.
WRAIR attempts to understand and mitigate the relationship between sleep loss and Soldier performance using study data from field operations, specially designed human sleep research suites, and mathematical modeling and simulation tools. Behavioral Biology studies the utility of the WRAIR-discovered phenomenon of "sleep banking" against future sleep demand, models sleep and performance, maximizes the recuperative value of sleep, characterizes the action and effects of stimulants and sleep-inducing drugs, and studies chemical intervention for acute stress exposure.